I love the emotional and gender biased difference between the use of the words “Shrieked, Screamed, Yelled and Shouted.” when writing characters who are being loud.
In general, people seem to use “screamed” and “shrieked” for women, and “yelled” and “shouted” for men.
I think its because screaming denotes fear, and shrieking denotes hysteria, whereas yelling is an emotionally neutral term for loud noise making, and shouting denotes power of some sort. The distinction is pure gender stereotypical emotional response.
On a personal note, I like to write my characters using all four because I feel like it gives them a stronger emotional range. Boys shrieking, girls shouting, everyone making a great amount of noise. The world is too quiet in my opinion.
- Below the cut you will find 386 pictures of various tattoos. From watercolor, to text, hipster-ish or more classic ones, you’ll find a lot of different things in there
So, I have this weird obsession with tattoos, and when I needed some references for characters, I ended up with a file full of pictures, so I thought it could be useful to some of you with tattoo-ed characters or who just enjoy looking at nice tattoo designs. I guess some of them could also be used as textures for manips, but since it wasn’t their main purpose, quite a lot of them might not fit. Some might also be quite NSFW, so open at your own risk. Enjoy!
Immortal Theme #006: Immortal Lost Girl
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Fear of government intrusion is influencing how some American authors and journalists do their jobs, causing them to avoid researching, writing about and even privately discussing many of the most newsworthy topics, according to a report by the PEN American Center, Chilling Effects: NSA Surveillance Drives U.S. Writers to Self-Censor:
“Writers reported self-censoring on subjects including military affairs, the Middle East North Africa region, mass incarceration, drug policies, pornography, the Occupy movement, the study of certain languages, and criticism of the U.S. government. The fear of surveillance—and doubt over the way in which the government intends to use the data it gathers—has prompted PEN writers to change their behavior in numerous ways that curtail their freedom of expression and restrict the free flow of information.”
The report, based on a survey of PEN members, measured how writers had changed their behavior because they thought the government was monitoring their communications. Among the findings:
• 16% have avoided writing or speaking on a particular topic, 11% have seriously considered it.
• 28% have curtailed or avoided social media activities, 12% have seriously considered it.
• 24% have avoided certain topics in phone or email conversations, 9% have seriously considered it.
• 16% have refrained from conducting Internet researches or visiting websites on topics that may be considered controversial or suspicious, 12% have seriously considered it.
• 13% have taken extra steps to disguise or cover their digital footprints, 11% have seriously considered it.
• 3% have declined opportunities to meet (in person or electronically) people who might be deemed security threats by the government, 4% have seriously considered it.
Conducted in October with the help of research firm FDR Group, the survey tracked the responses of 528 PEN members. Questions touched on the experiences, concerns and attitudes of writers in the wake of revelations about National Security Agency surveillance that began with documents leaked by Edward Snowden.
In follow-up conversations, some writers talked about dropping projects out of fear of becoming surveillance target. Others said they’re already a target:
“‘Selected’ for a special security search returning to the United States from Mexico twice last summer, I learned I was on a U.S. Government list. I was searched for ‘cocaine’ and explosives. I suspect … that I must have been put on the government list because of an essay I wrote … in which I describe finding a poem on a Libyan Jihad site, and ultimately express some sympathy for young men on the other side of the world who are tempted into jihad … one can see how [the poem] might be a comfort to jihadists.”
The survey found 85% are worried about government surveillance of Americans, while 73% say they’ve never been as concerned about privacy rights and freedom of the press as they are now.
Survey results showing a high level of concern about being compelled to reveal sources are especially timely as the Senate considers federal shield law legislation. PEN doesn’t mention the legislation by name, but it does call on on the government to enact limits on surveillance and improve transparency, reforms similar to those found in the Free Flow of Information Act.
One particularly intriguing aspect of the report is how it reveals writers to be much less tolerant of having their communications monitored than Americans overall. Asked their opinion of “the government’s collection of telephone and Internet data as part of anti-terrorism efforts,” only 12% of PEN members said they approve, compared with half of respondents in an earlier survey of the general public.
As the PEN report concludes, the cost of government surveillance is largely hidden.
“Part of what makes self-censorship so troubling is the impossibility of knowing precisely what is lost to society because of it. We will never know what books or articles may have been written that would have shaped the world’s thinking on a particular topic if that are not written because potential authors are afraid that their work would invite retribution.”
I’ve been saving gifs of Nina for a long time, and I’ve finally decided to start posting them in parts. This part contains only gifs of Nina talking. Please like if this helps you. None of the gifs below are mine. This gif hunt contains over 500 gifs.
Hi! I was wondering if you had any posts that would help me with adding more detail into my stories. My chapters turn out ridiculously short because I can’t (add detail). Thanks! - octoberspeak
It’s not recommended to add detail just to build up the word count. Chances are, your readers are going to notice and be bored. Just like your book shouldn’t be more of a travel journey (Character went here- then character went there- then character said this- then character did that-), it shouldn’t contain too much unnecessary description. If there are other reasons why you feel the need to add more detail (because your book is too fast paced, because it lacks world building, etc…), it’s legitimate to do that. But you should have a real reason to add detail, and that reason should never be the fact that you have short chapters or a low word count. Though short chapters and a low word count can indicate a need for more detail - because you might be neglecting your setting or your character’s back stories or so on -, they do not meanyou need more detail.
It’s important that you ask yourself why you think your stories lack detail. Does your story lack description? Does it consist mostly of a sequence of events with no room for world building? Or do you write description, but still think it’s not enough? If this is the case, why is it not enough?
Every case is a case, and whatever tips lie below this might not apply to your particular story, but I still have some ideas that could work for you.
- Add detail to slow down the pace of your story. Readers need time to breathe. While it’s good to have really fast-paced moments in your book, where suspense builds up and readers find it impossible to put your book down, it’s also important to let your MC and your readers rest. This post I wrote about pacing has some tips on how to slow down your story.
- Add detail for the sake of symbolism and foreshadowing. Details that seem irrelevant at first might be very useful later on, and readers tend to appreciate this. Make a quick reference about something that will be important later on and leave your readers wondering. Don’t make it too big and don’t spend too much time on it - if you make it too obvious, it may lose its meaning. This is a good way of adding detail and still staying relevant to the plot. This is a post I wrote on symbolism.
- Add detail into your action. Good detail is part of the action, and the fact that you’re going to add detail to your story doesn’t mean that the action will have to stop. Find ways of merging description and narration, in ways that your readers will be able to picture your action scene better.
- Show don’t tell. This method is definitely the best way of adding detail into your story. There are several posts around the internet about it. This is a post with some tips and a masterlist of articles that might be useful to understand this method.
For further reading:
WRECKING BALL; by ukzarry.
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